Its range extends north to New York and southern Canada and south to Tennessee. Another of the so-called mole salamanders, the marbled salamander is a secretive creature, not often seen even by people who regularly spend time in the outdoors. The gills are lost and transformation takes place in two to four months. Occasionally the crossbands run together on the sides, encasing a black area within a striking outline of white. Sandy, even gravel-laden terrain supports the marbled salamander, which prefers a drier habitat than other members of its genus. Habitat. The belly is lighter. They remain there under the watchful eye of the female until the incubation period is completed some six or eight weeks later. The Jefferson prefers damp forestland, especially a deciduous woods located near swamps or ponds. The Jefferson is one of our largest salamanders, attaining adult sizes that range from just over four to seven inches. This completely terrestrial salamander occurs in three different color phases; they are described later. “Poisonous” animals are toxic or harmful if you eat them, or ingest their secretions. The spots have irregular edges and are well-separated from one another. The back and the upper portion of the sides are dotted with numerous and irregularly shaped jet-black spots. They remain in the larval stage for one to three years, transforming when they are nearly two inches in length. Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis. Even the so-called terrestrial species can live only in areas that are moist or damp. Range. Habitat. Breeding occurs in early spring with egg masses deposited in temporary pools, usually in or near woodland, where they attach to underwater structures or plants. Its back is dark brown, speckled with tiny flecks of silver white or bronze; the belly is dark with white markings.There are 21 costal grooves. Aquatic Critters & Habitat Frog & Toad Photos The mountain dusky salamander is at least three and perhaps four years old before it is sexually mature. This lungless salamander is long and slender. The juvenile salamanders measure just two to three inches in length. The mudpuppy retains its reddish gills for life. In certain locales this amphibian is also known as the waterdog, a colloquial name that on the surface would appear to lend at least a certain amount of credibility to the mistaken belief that it barks; it does not. Two to three months into the larval stage, the forelegs and hindlegs have been developed, the gills are lost and the skin becomes granular and textured to the touch. Their skin is smooth and must remain moist. The primary color of the northern two-lined salamander is yellow, although it may be tinged with brown, green or an orange-bronze. Its somewhat larger size allows it to take food that some other salamanders would be unable to handle. The Jefferson salamander is believed to occur in limited numbers in all 67 counties. Amphibians & Reptiles Crayfish are a favorite, but worms, insects, small fish and fish eggs add continuous variety to the menu. This amphibian feeds on a broad spectrum of insect life and other invertebrates common to its habitat. One is the basis for its common name; only four toes appear on each hind foot, where most other salamanders have five toes. Links to some Bryozoan websites; Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa | Bryozoa General characteristics. They remain in the larval stage for two to eight months. The longtail salamander is a statewide resident except for the small area of the Commonwealth that drains into Lake Erie. Members of this family breed from late winter to early spring, usually in ponds, and fertilization is internal as the male deposits his spermatophore for the female to retrieve. The four-toed salamander is a secretive amphibian in its adult terrestrial life as well as during its aquatic larval stage. The spotted salamander spends most of its time beneath ground level, but also conceals itself in moist areas beneath moss-covered rocks or stones and among piles of leaves or other debris. The northern two-lined salamander is one of the brook salamanders, preferring wet, moist areas close to small streams or rivulets. The solid color is shaded uniformly and does not have the colorful stripe along the back. Food. This salamander is long and slender with a wide snout. Each side has 14 costal grooves. The skin of the newts is rougher than that of most other salamanders, and does not have the smooth, slimy feel common to other families.The newts are primarily aquatic animals, although they leave the water after the larval stage to live up to three years as efts, or sub-adults, on land.They return to the water to become full adults and live out the rest of their lives. Through these glands are secreted the alkaloid samandarin and other toxins. The throat is white or at least blotched with white. Range. It is found statewide except for portions of the extreme southeast. The eggs produce aquatic larvae in six to eight weeks and transformation follows after four to as much as seven months. The hellbender, a member of the Giant Salamander family, is one of two large salamanders inhabiting Pennsylvania. The Official State Salamander of Virginia additional information. 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